by Isabelle Workman
Today is Martin Luther King, Jr. day. He was a Christian minister and activist who led a groundbreaking civil rights movement and gave African Americans the courage to speak up against injustice. MLK day is an American federal holiday.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta on January 15 and the holiday falls on the nearest Monday to this date. It became a federal holiday in 1986. One of his many great beliefs was that a nonviolent movement of civil disobedience was the best way to win civil rights for African Americans. He helped pave the way for LBJ to enact the Civil Rights bills that still stand today declaring that all races are equal and none should ever be discriminated against.
In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent fight against racial inequality. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968.